Sunscreen, also commonly known as sunblock is a lotion, spray, gel or other topical product that absorbs or reflects sun's ultraviolet (UVA+UVB) radiation on the skin exposed to sunlight and thus helps protect against sunburn and sun allergies.
Choosing Your Sunscreen:
SPF (sun protection factor)
For asian skin SPF> 15 is recommended. SPF indicates protection only against UV-B rays , not UV-A so look for additional UVA protection is very important.
How to use sunscreen:
• Wear sunscreen daily with SPF>15 even on cloudy rainy day, 30 mins before sun exposure to all exposed areas.
• Reapply every 3-4 hours and immediately after swimming and strenuous activity and excessive sweating.
• It should be applied as a good thick film and in enough quantity.
• A sunscreen should not be rubbed but spread lightly as rubbing makes it sink into sweat glands and skin lines thus decreases its efficacy by giving uneven protection.
These are complex mixtures of chemical agents specially designed to make the external layers of the skin (epidermis) softer and more pliable. They prevent and treat dry skin, improve skin texture, protect sensitive skin.
Application of moisturizer is necessary in all types of skin and in all seasons. Even the oily skin needs moisturizer. Too much of cold or heat, in both conditions skin’s natural moisture gets depleted. So apply moisturizer in all seasons.
One should choose moisturizer considering they type of their skin. For example, a person with dry skin can apply oil based moisturizer but it is not suitable for oily skin or a person with pimple prone skin. Such people should look for water based moisturizers.
This is the first step of your skin care regimen.
You should wash your face twice daily with a cleanser or facewash made for your skin type. It is very important to go to your doctor and know your skin type and the right skin care products for you. Do not experiment with your skin. Different type of skin types need different facewash or cleansers. ( eq. dry skin needs cream based facewash oily skin needs gel based ones.)
There are special facewashes available for pimple prone skin and for skin with blemishes , tanning and pigmentation. In many people it is necessary to change their facewash/ cleanser with the changing seasons. Your doctor will prescribe the right one for you.
Tips for glowing skin:
• Drink 8- 10 glasses of water • Fruits rich in vitamin A and C like orange, strawberries, kiwi, etc • Have a glass of milk • One portion of vegetables in your meal • Protein rich diet • Avoid soft drinks and junk food. • Have a cup of Green tea every day.
2) Adequate sleep
4) Stress management
5) Earlier is better- visit your Dermatologist immediately after you see any skin problem before it gets rigid or permanent.
1) Oily skin does not need moisturizers. Fact :All skin types including oily and pimple prone skin need moisturizer as oil and moisture are completely different things.
2) Higher SPF level of sunscreen gives higher protection against tanning.
Fact: SPF level indicates protection against UVB rays and not UVA. UVB rays are responsible for aging and not tanning. So for protection against tanning you need to apply sunscreen which provides additional UVA protection.
3) If you are not going out, no need of applying sunscreen. Fact: Whatever light is entering inside your house through windows or glass contains ultraviolet rays, so it is necessary to apply sunscreen even if you aren’t going out or on a cloudy rainy day.
4) Oily and fried food is responsible for causing pimples. Fact :It is always better to avoid fried/oily food but it is not the causative factor for pimples. Whatever oil you consume through diet, very negligible quantity reaches skin. So it is not a reason for pimple outbreaks.
5) Shaving makes hair grow back thicker: Fact: When you shave, you're feeling the cut edges of the hair regrow, so there's an appearance of being thicker, but there's no difference in the diameter or the density of the hair.
6) It's better to get the pus out of a pimple by popping it. Fact: Even though it feels really good to release [the pus], there is a possibility of some pus going deeper. This causes increased inflammation. Also there is a chance of getting another eruption close to the first one in few days. So, avoid touching your pimple.
7) Acne is caused by poor hygiene Fact: Acne is a natural phenomenon caused mainly due to hormonal imbalance specially seen in puberty.
8) Washing your face more often will help clear up acne Fact: Acne is caused by increased oil production and bacterial counts. There many types , grades and types of acne and each of them need to be diagnosed and treated accordingly.
9) Acne is contagious. Fact: Acne is not contageous
10) If your parents had acne, there is a good chance you will have it too. Fact: Genetics play very little role in acne.
Myths of hair:
1) Frequent trims make hair grow faster. Fact : Hair grows a half-inch per month, whether you cut it or not.
2) Switching shampoos can make hair look healthier. Fact : hair does not build tolerance to any product. Infact you should fix your brand and stick to it.
3) If you pluck out one gray hair, two or three will sprout in its place Fact: You should avoid plucking those hairs as it may leave scar or cause infection but number of hair won’t increase.
4) Apply shampoo twice to clean hair properly. Fact: only one application is enough provided you clean them thoroughly.
5) Cutting your hair stimulates growth Fact: Hair follicles are not affected by haircuts. Your hair grows from hair roots and not from ends. They grow at a steady constant rate with only minor seasonal variations and cutting it is not way to promote hair growth. Consult your dermatologist to know in detail about hair growth treatments.
Skin care tips:
1. Cleansing: Wash your face twice daily with a suitable face wash.
2. Moisturizing: Apply moisturizer daily. Consult your dermatologist to chose the best product for you.
3. Sunscreen: Apply sunscreen daily with SPF > 15. Check for additional UVA protection, Apply sunscreen even on cludy rainy day and if you are not going out.
4. Get a facial or cleanup done once in a month.
5. If you have any skin problem consult your dermatologist as soon as possible.
6. Scrubbing: it is good to use scrubs twice in a week but not more than that.